Valve is getting into the handheld gaming business. The rumors were right and the Steam Deck is coming this year: a handheld device that can play any game in your Steam library. It's aiming to be the Nintendo Switch for PC gaming, essentially, though the Steam Deck can do a lot more than just play games.
That's because it's not a games console, it's really a portable PC. You can plug it into a monitor or a TV, install apps and software, use it to watch streaming video, and more—even install other game stores on it, according to Valve. The Steam Deck will run on a new version of SteamOS, Valve's Linux-based operating system, though you'll be able to play Windows games that don't have official Linux support using Valve's compatibility tech, Proton, or even uninstall SteamOS and just install Windows.
Here's everything we know about the Steam Deck.
When is the Steam Deck release date?
The Steam Deck will begin shipping in December 2021.
However, that doesn't mean if you reserved one you'll receive it this year, as the Steam Deck site is now showing "expected order availability" in Q1 of 2022 for the 64GB version, Q2 2022 for the 256GB version, and Q3 2022 for the 512GB version. This may vary depending on your region, however. We'll update when we know more.
What's happening with Steam Deck reservations?
Currently a Steam Deck can be reserved if you put down a $5 deposit, though Steam's servers were immediately overwhelmed when the reservation page went online. Customers trying to reserve a Steam Deck were faced with timeouts and error messages, and some who tried multiple times were told they would face a delay before they could try again for attempting to make "a lot of purchases in the last few hours."
Others are seeing messages that their Steam accounts have been created too recently to reserve a Steam Deck, though many seeing this message say they've had their Steam accounts for years (including some staff members of PC Gamer).
This error is related to the efforts Valve made to prevent people from ordering multiple Steam Decks and then reselling them, as we've seen happen with GPUs, PS5s, and other new hardware. New accounts can only reserve a Steam Deck starting on Sunday, July 18.
Some, however, including a couple of us here at PC Gamer, managed to reserve a Steam Deck about thirty minutes after the reservations went live.
The $5 deposit will go toward the cost of the Steam Deck if you do decide to order one, though it'll be refunded if you change your mind and decide to cancel.
"When inventory is available, customers will be notified in the order reservations were made to make their purchase," says Valve.
The Steam Deck is currently only available to reserve for the US, UK, Canada and the European Union. The first Steam Decks reserved will ship in December, but the expected fulfillment date has pushed into 2022 as reservations stack up.
How much does the Steam Deck cost?
The price of the Steam Deck depends on which version you want, and there are three different versions based on storage size. The Steam Deck costs:
- $399 for the 64GB version
- $529 for the 256GB version
- $649 for the 512GB version
The more expensive versions of the Steam Deck feature faster NVMe SSD storage, while the cheaper is listed with a 64GB eMMC (embedded multi-media card) storage solution. All three versions will let you increase storage space with a MicroSD card, at least.
If you plan to upgrade the storage, you'll likely want to spend a bit more cash on a faster MicroSD card for quicker loading times. We're not sure how expansion storage will work on the device just yet, but some MicroSD cards are going to feel extremely slow next to a super-fast SSD.
What are the Steam Deck specs?
The Steam Deck specifications were revealed by Valve alongside the console itself, which means we know all about what lies beneath the console's 7-inch screen.
The most important thing to note for PC gamers is that the Steam Deck runs on an AMD APU, and one we're yet to see elsewhere. This chip is built around two key AMD architectures: Zen 2 and RDNA 2.
The Zen 2 architecture is the same one found within AMD Ryzen 3000 processors, and within the Steam Deck reside four Zen 2 cores, capable of eight threads, ready and waiting for your portable gaming needs.
The RDNA 2 architecture is behind the handheld PC's graphical grunt. The Steam Deck comes with 8 Compute Units (CUs) for a total of 512 cores. That's not a massive amount—the Xbox Series S comes with 20 RDNA 2 CUs—but it appears enough to get by at 720p without too much hassle.
|CPU||AMD Zen 2|
|CPU clock speed||2.4–3.5GHz|
|GPU||AMD RDNA 2|
|GPU Compute Units||8|
|GPU clock speed||1–1.6GHz|
|RAM||16GB LPDDR5 @ 5,500MT/s|
|Storage||64GB eMMC / 256GB NVMe SSD / 512GB NVMe SSD|
|Display||7-inch LCD touchscreen|
|Resolution||1280 x 800|
|Audio||Stereo speakers, 3.5mm jack, dual mics, USB Type-C/Bluetooth|
|Connectivity||Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, USB Type-C with DisplayPort 1.4 support|
|Size||11.7 x 4.6 x 1.8-inch (298 x 117 x 49mm)|
|Weight||Approximately 1.47 lbs (669 grams)|
|Price||$399 (64GB) / $529 (256GB) / $649 (512GB)|
As mentioned before, there are three different storage configurations for the Steam Deck: 64GB, 256GB, and 512GB.
Ideally, we'd all pick up the 512GB model. Games are big and anything smaller than that is going to feel a tight squeeze. It's also kitted out with a speedy NVMe SSD, which allows for bandwidth upwards of 3,000MB/s. That really depends on Valve's choice of SSD, however. Speeds vary quite a lot between drives.
The 256GB model is similarly quick, and would be a suitable pick for those willing to put up with slightly less storage space.
As for the 64GB model, we're not quite as convinced. It's built using an eMMC drive, which won't match an NVMe SSD in terms of speed, but most of all its slim capacity is almost unimaginable for a gaming PC. Perhaps as an indie machine, but then you might be better off buying a Nintendo Switch.
All three offer MicroSD for further expansion, and we suspect the faster the MicroSD, the better for optimal game load times.
Valve's decided upon a 1280 x 800 display through which you'll enjoy your games on-the-go. A 60Hz LCD panel with 400-nits brightness, there's not a great deal to write home about in regards to the Steam Deck's touchscreen. However, seeing as it's only 7-inches big, its shortcomings may not be as immediately noticeable as one of the best gaming monitors.
So the Stream Deck is bigger than a Switch, then?
A bit, yes. For comparison, the Nintendo Switch (standard version) is 9.4″ x 4″ x .55″ and weighs just under a pound. So the Steam Deck is a couple inches wider, half an inch taller taller, considerably thicker and a bit heavier than the Switch.
Anything I should be concerned about?
Well, yeah. Battery life doesn’t sound especially stellar, with Valve developer Pierre-Loup Griffais telling IGN: “It’s about 2-8 hours, depending on what you’re doing. You can play Portal 2 for four hours on this thing. If you limit it to 30 fps, you’re going to be playing for 5-6 hours.”
That’s not a heck of a long time for gaming without the device needing to be plugged in or recharged, and more demanding games will take a bigger toll on the battery than 2011’s Portal 2. That could be a real issue if you want to take your Deck with you while traveling or if you’re away from an electrical outlet for a while.
Does the Stream Deck come with a dock, like the Nintendo Switch?
There is a dock, but it’s sold separately. Like the Switch, there’s a dock for the Steam Deck that will allow you to connect it to your TV or a monitor. The USB-C dock will provide DisplayPort and HDMI output, an Ethernet adapter, and three USB inputs.
The dock doesn’t come with the Steam Deck, though. Valve hasn’t yet revealed how much the dock will cost or when it’ll be available to order.
Can I use the Steam Deck for more than just Steam games?
You can—potentially a lot more. Just like your PC, the Steam Deck is intended to be an open platform. You can install Windows on a Steam Deck and even install other game storefronts like the Epic Store (you probably have a pile of free games in that library) or Xbox Game Pass. We just don’t really know how well non-Steam games will work on the Steam Deck, but it’s an exciting idea that you might be able to play games from your other libraries on the Steam Deck, too.
You can even wipe SteamOS off the Steam Deck completely and just use it to run Windows, according to IGN, who got some hands-on time with the device. Pierre-Loup Griffais told IGN the Steam Deck “can pretty much run anything you can run on a PC.”
“We don’t think people should be locked into a certain direction or a certain set of software that they can install,” Valve designer Lawrence Yang said. “If you buy a Steam Deck, it’s a PC. You can install whatever you want on it, you can attach any peripherals you want to it.”
You might even be able to get VR working with the Steam Deck, though “that’s not really what we’re optimizing the performance for,” Griffais told IGN.
If all that isn’t enough information for you, you can visit the official Steam Deck website here.